Using Frames for Fluency with my core ELD or ELA program

Frames for Fluency is organized by grammatical forms (parts of speech). If you are using Frames as an oral supplement to your existing ELD or ELA curriculum, most of these programs cover the different grammatical forms.

Appendix D below aligns the sentence frames by parts of speech and functions as a broad alignment to any core ELD or ELA program. For example, if your core program is covering comparative and superlative adjectives in a unit, Appendix D tells you all the frames you can use to practice these concepts.


Follow the steps below to integrate Frames for Fluency as part of your core ELD or ELA program:
  1. What grammatical form is my core program covering in this unit/chapter/lesson? This should be easily identified in the table of contents or unit overview chart of your core program teacher's guide.
  2. Look at Appendix D (below or in the Frames teacher's guide) and find that grammatical form.
  3. What proficiency level are my students at? Find the frames that correspond to the grammatical form and proficiency level.
  4. Turn to the unit and chapter in the Frames teacher's guide. What are the basic nouns students need to be familiar with? If your students are already familiar with the vocabulary, proceed with gathering the materials needed for each frame practice.
  5. Use the sentence frames to introduce, practice, reinforce, and extend your ELD lessons alongside your current curriculum. See sidebar for when to use Frames.



If you are using Avenues at Grade 4, the weekly lesson planner on page T238c tells you that "Comparative and Superlative Adjectives" are covered on Day 2 on page T240d. In the Avenues lesson, students compare the length of different fish. Using the sentence frames identified by Appendix D, you can provide students with new contexts to use comparative structures. By extending the oral language practice with Frames for Fluency students now have the opportunity to use comparative structures to compare the size and speed of vehicles (5.1.1) and temperature (5.2.3), to name a few. Altogether, there are 14 different sentence frame activities that provide multiple contexts and exposure.

Through the course of the lesson in your core program, use the frames in the following ways:
  • At the beginning of the lesson to introduce that grammatical form

  • During the lesson to provide further practice in a new context

  • At the end of a lesson to reinforce, extend, and informally assess students' grasp of that grammatical form